A mountaineering tour is a mountain tour that takes place at the altitude level of year-round ice cover.
One should never underestimate these tours. Mountaineering tours require special preparation and equipment.
Proper equipment for the tours is a question that is very difficult to answer! It depends on the season and weather, as well as the type and duration of the tour. Basically: as little as possible, as much as necessary!
The SAC has developed its own scale especially for alpine rock and ice tours. The reference point for the classification of a route is always the corresponding key point . In the case of major deviations, the areas are indicated directly in the description header. From the second degree of difficulty, there is a fine gradation via + and - and any climbing points are described with the UIAA scale.
In addition, French terms are often used. For example, the grade "quite difficult" is abbreviated ZS or AD for "assez difficile". From grade AS or ED (extremely difficult/extrêment difficile), you must also expect ice climbing passages that require appropriate equipment such as ice axes or crampons.
|Firn and glaciers
|Easy walking terrain (scree, simple boulder ridge).
|Easy firn slopes, hardly any crevasses.
|not very hard
|Mostly still walking terrain, increased surefootedness necessary, climbing passages clear and problem-free.
|As a rule, little steep slopes, short steeper passages, few crevasses.
|Repeated belaying necessary, longer and exposed climbing sections.
|Steep slopes, occasional belay, many crevasses, small bergschrund.
|Good route sense and efficient rope handling required, long climbs, mostly require belaying.
|Very steep slopes, mostly belaying necessary, many crevasses, large bergschrund.
|In the difficult sections belaying is necessary throughout, persistently demanding climbing.
|Sustained steep terrain, continuous belay.
|Wall climbs that require great commitment.
|Very steep and vertical places, require ice climbing.
|Extremely steep, partially overhanging wall climbs.
|Ice climbing extreme direction.
- demanding orientation,
- difficult protection, unreliable rock,
- Aborting the tour problematic. 
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