It is not always easy to keep track of terms like sport climbing, alpine climbing, rock climbing or bouldering.
There are many different types of climbing:
- Sport climbing
- Indoor climbing
- Rock climbing
- Multi-pitch climbing
- Alpine climbing
- Trad climbing
- Deep Water Solo
- Free Solo
- Speed climbing
- Ice climbing
- Mixed climbing
- Dry Tooling
- Big Wall Climbing
- Via Ferrata
Proper equipment for the tours is a question that is very difficult to answer! It depends on the season and weather, as well as the type and duration of the tour. Basically: as little as possible, as much as necessary!
The original UIAA scale was developed well before the emergence of modern sport climbing and is therefore only partially applicable to today's requirements. It is given in Roman numerals and ranges from I to VII. The UIAA scale used today has therefore been expanded and now extends up to grade 11+, although from the eighth grade onwards there is no longer a literal definition, but higher numerals simply place increased demands on climbing ability, physique and psyche.
|Difficulty||Description (Rock climbing)|
|Simplest form of rock climbing (no easy walking terrain!). Hands required for balance. Beginners secured on rope. No fear of heights already required.|
|Locomotion with simple kick and grip combinations (three hold technique).|
|Intermediate belays are recommended in exposed places. Vertical places or good-grip overhangs already require effort.|
|Considerable climbing experience necessary. Longer climbing sections usually require several intermediate belays.|
very big difficulties
|Increasing number of intermediate belays. Increased requirements for physical conditions, climbing technique and experience.|
very great difficulties
|Überdurchschnittliches Können und guter Trainingsstand erforderlich. Große Ausgesetztheit, oft verbunden mit kleinen Standplätzen. Gute Bedingungen meist Voraussetzung für Bezwingbarkeit.|
|Erreichbar nur durch gesteigertes Training und verbesserte Ausrüstung. Akrobatisches Klettervermögen und Beherrschen ausgefeilter Sicherungstechnik unerlässlich.|
|VIII bis XI+||A verbal definition is not possible here. It is a further increase in the difficulties to be mastered, which make ever greater demands on climbing skills and physical as well as mental performance.|
Comparison of different route rating systems
1. The Saxon scale is only valid to a limited extent in the Czech Republic, where the original seven-level scale was retained until the 1990s. The Czech Republic is the only country in which the Saxon scale is valid.
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